You may have read we don't eat enough omega-3s and eat too many omega-6s. That is untrue! From 213,492 test participants beginning with unborn babies to adults omega-6s always outnumbered omega-3s! Omega-6 fatty acids are always higher in concentration than omega-3s! Part of the natural and healthy order of a red blood cell membrane has been this way since "in the begining." It's no accident that omega-6s will always be in higher concentration than omega-3s. The red blood cells the most numerous cells in the body, are designed that way. Taking omega-3 supplements will not change the natural order of more omega-3s and less omega-6s on the red blood cell membrane! Omega-3s are a waste of money!
"The cells are not fed. They feed themselves (Carey, M.D. , & Schussler, M.D., 1893)." " . . . if all the cells in the body were healthy and functioning normally you couldn't possibly be sick. . . . It is not possible to be sick if your liver is healthy period. Burn that fact into your comsciousness. Accept it, Understand it, and do it (Sutter , K.R. , 2006)." "Life starts on the membrane (Lipton, Bruce, H., Dr., 2005)." Scientists know that no two people's cells are biologically the same. Medicines and drugs provide an unhealthy environment for cell membranes, making cells worse not better.
This work includes measured quantitative, valid and reliable red blood cell omega-3, omega-6, omega-7, omega-9, and saturated fatty acids test results on 213,492 total test participants from the USA and 28 other countries. Iceland which ranks #2 in the world in per person consumption of fish is included. All the measured data on test participants would have to be proven wrong for omega-3s to be more important than omega-6s on red blood cell membrane.
According to a global study of 25,812 test perticipants in terms of percent concentration the two most important fatty acids measured for a healthy life and living are (AA) arachidonic C20:4n6 13.17% and (LA) linoleic C18:2n6 10.71% on a red blood cell membrane. Trying to make people believe the omega-3s (EPA) 0.74% and (DHA) 4.60% are more important than omega-6s cannot be found anywhere in the world. According to a second reliable source OmegaQuant, LLC the mean of the above 4 and 99% Range are shown in Table 1 below.
TABLE 1 - 213,492 Blood Test Cannot Be Wrong - Omega-6s Are the Most Important Fatty Acids!
Omega-6 (AA) Arachidonic C20:4n6 MEAN 15.15% - 99% RANGE 10.11 - 19%
Omega-6 (LA) Linoleic C18:2n6 (A PARENT ESSENTIAL OIL) MEAN 11.84% - 99% RANGE 7.81 - 18.1%
Omega-3 (EPA) Eicosapentaenoic C20:5n3 MEAN 1.16% 99% RANGE 0.29 - 4.30%
Omega-3 (DHA) Docosahexaenoic C22:6n3 MEAN 5.19% 99% RANGE 2.25 - 8,72%
Source of Table 1: OmegaQuant, LLC omegaquant.com/research/
Many have a "naive understanding of biochemistry, say William S. Harris, director of the Metabolism and Nutrition research Center at the University of South Dakota Sanford School of Medicine, and a nutritionist. There are some who believe that arachidonic acid (AA) omega-6 in TABLE 1 above causes inflammation. "Omega-6 . . . have powerful anti-inflammatory properties that counteract and proinflammatory activity,' . . . 'It's incorrect to view the omega-6 fatty acids as "proinflammatory (Peskin, Brian Scott, BSEE-MIT, and Rowen, Robert Jay, M.D. , P. 187-188)." Proinflammatory promotes inflammation!
When Hippocrates the father of medicine said: "Let your food be your medicine and your medicine be your food" he understood that nutrients are what the body is made of, not chemicals. Hippocrates was unaware at that period of time that neither food, drugs, or medicines do not contain the organic compounds found in all living things. Today only Royal Jelly and Paradise Oil contain the organic compounds. Medicines actually deplete vitamins in the body. The organic compounds are necessary to keep blood cells healthy and alive. Words and labels like: whole foods, all natural, natural, organic, vitamins (90% of which are synthetic), fruits, vegetables, a vegetarian diet, herbs, medicines, drugs, superfoods, pharmaceuticals, other oils (CBD, fish oil, etc.), essential oils come nowhere close to rebuilding, rejuvenating, restoring cells to healthy! "It is important to note that topical applied on skin CBD Oil can never enter the bloodstream . . . (Dutt, D., M.Sc.,)." They all lack the most important organic compounds to keep cells healthy. ONLY BIOLOGICAL GREEN Paradise Oil assists in rebuilding, rejuvenating, and restoring cells!
Swallowed nutrients are far less effective and efficient by about 3 times - 6 times as nutrients absorbed through the skin and enter the bloodstream (topical and transdermal). like Paradise Oil. In regards to delivery to cell membrane of healthy organic compounds swallowed nutrients deliver very little if any organic compounds and other cell membrane nutrients to the membrane. Paradise Oil which is topical (applied on skin) AND transdermal (enters the bloodstream) in three minutes or less, doesn't fail to deliver the highest number of in common nutrients, all the organic compounds, all 20 L-amino acids, minerals and elements including cellular oxygen to a red blood cell. No more than 10-20 percent of what we swallow is absorbed and used by the cells according to Marc Sircus, OMD. So if you enjoy throwing about $0.80 to $0.90 of every $1.00 of your money away continue buying pain relief, whole foods, fish oils, omega-3s, superfoods, etc. and a long list of other products you swallow. These products include vitamins and minerals. The same named vitamins and minerals in 99.9% plant-based nutrients delivered and provided by Paradise Oil are topically and transdermally 60- 80% more useful and much quicker than things swallowed. Paradise Oil cellular oxygen nutrients (75 each) are on the cell membrane and on the job reducing inflammation, relieving pain, provide cellular oxidation, accelerate healing, etc., in three minutes or less after applied on skin. Omega-3s do none of these as quickly, if at all. An independent CLIA certified lab has measured and confirmed as little as six drops of Paradise Oil applied topically (on the skin) in the bloodstream (transdermal) is on a red blood cell membrane in as little as three minutes. The cell membrane is where life begins. A two fluid ounce bottle of Paradise oil costing $65.00 can be used up to 262 (based on 6 drops per use), or more times and can often act in three minutes, that’s less than $0.25/treatment going to work every single application.
In the bloodstream red blood cells (80% of the body’s cells) transport oxygen to all tissues, organs, and our air-filled lungs in the body and white blood cells to combat
inflammation. The outer layer of every cell is the cell membrane, made of higher energy fats/fatty acids, not lower energy sugars/carbohydrates. The cell membrane (the skin of the cell) separates what’s inside the cell from the environment outside it, and holds every cell together. When cells are provided healthy cellular oxygen nutrients they thrive. Nutrients unlike medicines and drugs do not violate the Hippocratic Oath “First do no harm.” When cell membranes are destroyed cells die.
Fatty acids contain 3 elements: oxygen, carbon, and hydrogen. Fatty acids can be polyunsaturated, monounsaturated, saturated, or unsaturated trans-fatty acids. Fatty acids (except unhealthy saturated and trans-fatty acids that cannot conduct oxygen are vital in transporting oxygen to every tissue and organ, including skin, everywhere in the body. “ . . . fish maintain a constant level of saturated fatty acids regardless of the amount in their diet (Science Direct).” The percent concentration of unhealthy saturated fatty acids in 1). lean fish (less than 2% fat), 2). low fat fish 2-4% fat, 3). medium fat fish 4-8% fat, and 4). high fat fish, compared to omega-3s ranged from 1). 127% higher than omega-3s, 2). 222% higher , 3). 160% higher and 4). 194% higher than omega-3s (https://hindawl.com/journals/bmri/2013/284329/tab5).
Reliable and valid research on fatty acids report it’s normal for HEALTHY tissues and organs to have 7 - 11 times more omega-6s than omega-3s. Some fatty acids are damaging, like unhealthy saturated palmitic acid. This fatty acid is in 94 different fish studied in concentrations ranging from 4.3% - 34.4%. which means it’s more toxic and poorly converted to triglycerides for energy between meals. The average level of this toxic fatty acid is 19% (Gruger , Edward , H . , Jr.,). Many more fatty acids are beneficial for reaching and maintaining wellness, like linoleic omega-6 acid, a parent essential oil along with alpha-linolenic omega-3 acid the other parent essential oil. Both are the parents of and more important than fish oil omega-3s EPA and DHA, which are derivatives. Alpha-linolenic omega-3 does not cause prostate cancer. Other omega-3s in men increase the number of cases of high grade prostate cancer. No omega-3s prevent cancer, whereas omega-6s have anti-cancer growth effects! Increasing omega-6s does not increase cancer rates or cause cancer in the body. Omega-3s from warm water fish a few examples: yellowstripe scad, moonfish, longtail shad, sixbar grouper, etc., are rich in unhealthy saturated fatty acids having 14 times less of the fish oil omega-3 fatty acids EPA/DHA than cold water fish. Blood cell damaging and unhealthy saturated fatty acids in plant vegetable oils are in relatively low concentration versus high concentration in marine based oils. For example: fish oil and krill oil have high levels 23.75g/100g and 32.46g/100g of unhealthy saturated fatty acids respectively compared to plant vegetable flaxseed oil a healthier oil with low 12.06g/100g saturated fatty acids (Ivanova , S ., Marinova, G ., and Batchvarov , V ., 2016). Another fact: marine based omega-3s acids go rancid (unhealthy) shortly after fish and krill (small crustaceans not fish) leave the water. Fish oil and krill marine oil omega-3s become even more rancid after swallowed damaging blood cells. Whatever benefits a person mythically believes the omega-3s EPA/DHA are mistakingly supposed to deliver aren’t supported by data or science in red blood cells. EPA/DHA omega-3s in fish oil are spontaneously ruined (adulterated) when they enter the human body with 98.6 degree F. temperature, a much higher temperature than the waters they live in. Knowing that omega-3s are damaging and unhealthy to the body is the reason why they do not correct any abnormalities in the body. On the other hand, increasing omega-6s quickly corrects abnormalities. Omega-6 linoleic acid a parent essential oil is at the heart of beautiful skin, compared to two omega-3 EPA/DHA which are not good for skin. Fish oil omega-3s are ANTI anti-aging, meaning they make you old quicker! Animals fed fish oil omega-3s have a 14% shorter life expectancy. Plain and simple: there’s no valid and reliable evidence proving the body, skin or blood cells crave more omega-3s. Shortly after fish oil omega-3s (EPA and DHA) leave the cold or warm water the fish live in the oil is extracted. This extracted oil is adulterated (becomes poorer), is impure and inferior, and damaging to the body. Adulterated fish oils are not working oils for oxygen transport. Even warm water (76 - 80 deg. F.) fish cannot survive in 98.6 degree F. water. Many fish oils are artificially enriched with other omega-3s not marine sourced. Fatty acids perform a long list of vital functions: they help the thyroid and adrenal glands in helping the body regulate weight. Omega-6s are a benefit during pregnancy by reducing the number of stretch marks. The oxygenating power of omega-6s increase a mothers energy before and after pregnancy. Fatty acids (except fish oil omega-3s that increase appetite are problematic for diabetics) also help to prevent the process of weight gain and becoming obese, shortening the number of healthy years a person lives. Increasing omega-7 palmitoleic and saturated fatty acid palmitic (source page 906 of Fatty Acid Composition ... Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Skin) help reduce the risk of skin cancer. Fatty acids also help in the development of cell membranes, and assist in the strengthening of all tissues and organs. Fatty acids are carried through tissue membranes. According to research literature cell membranes are 38% to 49% saturated fatty acids/lipids. Membranes are under constant attack from our diet and what we put on our skin (personal care products and cosmetics) that’s absorbed into the bloodstream. Omega-6 (LA) linoleic acid a parent essential oil comes to the rescue and help keep skin healthy and prevent early signs of aging. Omega-3s on the other hand accelerate aging. Fatty acids help eliminate cholesterol build-up in arteries. The nutrients on any/all cell membranes, include fatty acids. Few, if any, at all, medicines, drug, or pharmaceuticals contain fatty acids. Most people know fatty acids by other names: e.g., omega-3s, omega-6s, harmful saturated fatty acids, etc. Per gram fatty acids provide two times greater stored cellular energy than carbohydrates, and greater stored cellular energy than proteins. Fatty acid levels can affect, the number of sick free days a person has, the disease(s) we have or don’t have and how many days and years a person is healthy. Unlike medicines, pharmaceuticals and personal care products, and the majority of what we eat, fatty acids/lipids are organic and natural. Fatty acids provide BIOLOGICAL GREEN (defined at paradiseoil.net) nutrients that benefit red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets, plasma and serum by providing cellular oxygen and nutrients that assist in keeping cells, healthy.
Fatty acids are important nutrients for all tissues and organs (including our lungs) in the body, more so than 1). medicines; 2). drugs; 3). pharmaceuticals, 4). personal care products and cosmetics, and; 5). majority of the fast, processed, foods we eat today. Those five include cell contaminating and damaging chemicals. Just like chemicals in tobacco cause cancer - the chemicals in 1- 5 above contribute to cancer, cause cancer, sickness, and a long list of diseases.
Scientifically there’s no reason to take omega-3 supplements! Taking omega-3 supplements makes no sense. This paper includes data on 213,492 total test participants and their measured red blood cell fatty acids test results (and white blood cell fatty acids test results in a few cases). The range of age of test participants: unborn baby to adult. Fatty acids were measured in 287 neonates (newborn babies). They averaged 38% saturated, 32% omega-6s, 25% monounsaturated, and 4.6% omega-3s. The entire discussion regarding the body having too many omega-6s and to few omega-3s is based on myths, misinformation, untruths, and lack of knowledge of science in regards to the composition of a red blood cell. Compared to other cells red blood cells outnumber all the other cells combined. Cells “by natural order of design” and having nothing to do with diet, always have more omega-6s than omega-3s. Studying the global research literature from 29 countries all test participants on diets of all kinds, including oily fish always had at least 3.6 times to 7.2 times more omega-6s than omega-3s which is exactly how blood cells were designed in the beginning, and continue to be to 2020, and the future. Even the Nordic island nation of Iceland which ranks #2 in world in per person consumption of fish, test results show near 3X (three times more), omega-6s than omega-3s in Icelanders. Taking omega-3s or fish oil will not displace the same amount, or great amount of omega-6s! That has to happen for omega-3s to overtake the concentration of omega-6s. What I just described is not happening in any population in the world. The majority of non-scientist, uninformed, and the misinformed lacking knowledge of red blood cells will likely continue to stay on the money train and falsely and dishonestly persuade people to believe omega-3s are lacking in the western diet and inside the body but such rhetoric cannot be supported by quantitative, valid and reliable research data.
It’s not acceptable to spread 51% - 100% of the time, erroneous advise in regards to taking omega-3s. Biologically by design cells contain more omega-6s than omega-3s because cells are designed that very way. Trying to convince people the levels of omega-6s are too high is dishonest. Evidence of omega-3s being equal to, or, exceeding the concentration of omega-6s in a red blood cell is extremely rare and near impossible to find. Omega-3s higher than omega-6s on a cell membranes weren’t found in any study we ran across. Like a glass holds only so much water red blood cells hold only so many fatty acids. No two people’s red blood cells are the same, require identical nutrients. Red blood cells contain a certain concentration of each fatty acid and space is allocated for fatty acids on the cell membrane. A person can’t just up and decide or will a cell to hold more omega-3s (exceed the range) than it was created by “natural order and design” to hold. An unborn baby has a higher concentration of omega-6s than omega-3s, just like an adult because the cells are designed that way. At every stage of life healthy red blood cells contain higher concentration of omega-6s than omega-3s. It’s not any kind of mistake, including error in the diet that omega-6s outnumber omega-3s in red blood cells. Omega-6s are more important than omega-3s! Red blood cells are 40-45% of blood volume and 80% of all the body’s cells. There are more red blood cells in the body than any other type of cells. A red blood cell would be unhealthy with a higher concentration of omega-3s than omega-6s. As reported by OmegaQuant Analytics and data collected on 75,335 test participants after red blood cell fatty acids analysis the 99% range of omega-3s of red blood cells runs from a low 4.32% to high 18.52%. Compare that to the 99% range of red blood cell omega-6s: low 20.53% to high 47.07%. Notice the lowest concentration of omega-6s: 20.53% of the red blood cell exceeds the highest concentration of omega-3s, 18.52%. It’s near impossible for the concentration of omega-3s to equal, or exceed the concentration of omega-6s! So why all the hype trying to convince people to reach unreachable goals of more omega-3s when the best that omega-3s can do is 2% below the lowest/worst concentration of omega-6s. Who’s kidding who?
No person’s healthy red blood cells, have a higher concentration of omega-3s than omega-6s. All the evidence studied provides real and unbiased truths of this. All the data shows that omega-3s, and every other fatty acid occupy a certain percent concentration on a cell membrane before we are born (in cord blood) until the day we die and taking additional omega-3 supplements doesn’t change this fact! The natural order and design of red blood cells is not up for debate of for us to decide, or for us to change and make the body less healthy doing so. It’s all by design!
This writing includes data results from quantitative (measured), valid and reliable data of the best kind, instead of the misleading and outright falsities many want you to accept and believe in regards to omega-3s/fish oil. All final test data fatty acid results and findings were repeatable from one study to the next. One study the published Cochrane Library Review was of 79 randomized controlled trials that included 112,059 participants across 12 to 72 months (6 years). The Cochrane Library Review states: “Unfortunately, the review shows little benefit from consuming omega 3 fatty acid. . . . The bottom line of all that is there - was no clear health benefit from consuming omega-3 fatty acids in foods or supplements. . . . What we can now say with a fairly high degree of confidence is that any health benefit from consuming omega-3 fatty
acids is tiny, probably too small to warrant supplementing (or adding it to pasta). . . . Consuming omega-3 fatty acids tends to . . . decrease HDL, which can have negative health effect (Novella , Steven , M.D. 2018).” HDL cholesterol is good cholesterol and omega-3s decrease the level of this beneficial cholesterol which worsens the condition of the body. The Cochrane Library Review had good statistical power.
“There is insufficient evidence from currently available randomized controlled trials to recommend fish oil therapy to improve kidney function, rejection rates, patient survival or graft survival. The improvement in HDL good cholesterol and diastolic blood pressure were too modest to recommend routine use (Lim , AKH ., Manley , KJ ., Roberts , MA ., Fraenkel , MB ., 2016).”
Close study and observation of measured, valid and reliable data of 213,492 test participants has revealed the truth. The healthhy natural order of design of a red blood cell follows:
1). In highest concentration on a red blood cell are saturated (bad) fatty acids, the average = 41% saturated fatty acids.
2). In 2nd highest concentration on a red blood cell are omega-6s, the average = 29.5% omega-6s.
3). Omega-9s and 7s are both in higher concentration on a red blood cell membrane than omega-3s.
3). The average omega-3s on a red blood cell membrane = 7.08%.
All the study of research literature data showed lower concentration of omega-3s on the membranes of red blood cells, compared to omega-6s. For the overwhelmingly majority of the time omega-3s are average 22 percentage points behind omega-6s on cell membranes. Any and all attempts to elevate omega-3s to the same level of concentration or above omega-6s is futile/pointless and the odds are in nobody’s favor of reaching such a goal. Goals need to be realistic and obtainable, not unrealistic and unobtainable! It’s just not going to happen. If omega-3s on red blood cell membrane are higher in concentration than omega-6s the amount of omega-3s a person would have to consume would be so great their body would be susceptible to sickness and disease. The human body, every tissue and organ will be worse not better. Remember, as was stated at the beginning “The cells are not fed. They feed themselves (Carey, M.D., & Schussler, M.D., 1896).” All attempts to feed cell membranes what you or your doctor or anyone else thinks the membrane needs in regards to changing the natural order of design of cells membranes, has little to nothing to do with diet and everything to do with the nutrient composition and the fatty acid analysis of your particular cell membranes. We really are what we eat and so are our cells. Making matters worse few doctor ordered blood test ever measure fatty acids. No person is healthy based on blood testing that ignores a red blood cell fatty acids analysis!
Eighty percent (4/5), of published studies and published research for this fatty acid review show harmful saturated fatty acids are the most highly populated and concentrated nutrients in red blood cells and omega-6s held the title the other 20% of the time. There was no ranking (0% of the time), of any population where omega-3 fatty acids ranked higher in concentration in red blood cells than omega-6s. The Nordic people of Iceland rank #2 in per capita fish consumption and near 17% higher omega-6s than omega-3s in their cells. This is more proof omega-3s in a high fish eating population also come nowhere near close to concentration of omega-6s. Twenty percent of salmon’s fat are unhealthy saturated fats.
When the Nordic people in the #2 fish consuming nation still have more omega-6s than omega-3s in their cells the evidence that cells need more omega-3s than 6s falls flat. It would make a lot more sense to try and convince people to eat less unhealthy saturated fatty acids than more omega-3s. The ongoing battle between more omega-3s and fewer omega-6s in the diet makes no sense and cannot be supported with quantitative data. A person must also realize there are only so many fish in the oceans that can be used for making real fish oil. There’s only enough real fish used for the production of making real fish oil for 3% of the world’s population.
All 11,336 test participant data in Tables 1 and 2 show saturated fatty acids in higher concentration all the time compared to omega-3s on red blood cell membranes. There’s more than 8 times level of concentration of harmful fatty acids and almost 7 times more omega-6 fatty acids as omega-3s in serum, which includes red blood cells, white blood cells, plasma and platelets.
TABLE 2: Based on 11,049 Total Test Participants (Iceland 124), (USA 3,572), (China 7,353)
♦Iceland U.S.A. China
124 Test 3,572 Test 7,353 Total Average
Participants Participants Participants of Averages
Fatty acids (Avg.) 39.9% 37.9% 47.6% 125.4%
Omega-6s (Avg.) 27.6% 34.7% 29% 91.3%
Omega-3s (Avg.) 10.9% 7.6% 6.6% 25.1%
Total of 3 Fatty Acids = 78.4% 80.2% 83.2% 241.8%
China ranks #1 in the World in Fish Consumption (not per capita fish consumption).
♦Iceland is ranked #2 in the World in per person consumption of fish.
Source: Global Survey of the omega-3 fatty acids, docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic (EPA) acid in the bloodstream of healthy adults.
287 Test Participants - Fatty Acid Profile in total lipids of umbilical cord (birth cord)
Saturated Fatty Acids in Umbilical Cord 37.97%
Omega-6s Fatty Acids in Umbilical Cord 32.01%
Omega-9s Fatty Acids in Umbilical Cord 19.2%
Omega-7s Fatty Acids in Umbilical Cord 6.2%
Omega-3s Fatty Acids in Umbilical Cord 4.62%
TOTAL MEAN +/- SD = 100%
1. Carey , George Washington. M.D. ., Schussler , Wilhelm Heinrich. M.D. , (1893) . Third Edition. The Biochemic System of Medicine . Page 16
2. Sutter , K . R ., (2006) . It’s Not Illegal to Get Healthy .
3. Lipton , Bruce , H ., (2005) . The Biology of Belief . And R2 Regenerating the Cell Membrane Omega 6 and Omega 3 Fatty Acid Ratio @ DRPOMPA.COM
4. TABLE 1: Source: OmegaQuant, LLC. (Research: Red Blood Cell Fatty Acids [% of total fatty acids]) omegaquant.com/research/
5. Peskin , Brian Scott , BSEE-MIT , and Rowen , Robert Jay , M.D. , Conquering Cancer Diabetes and Heart Disease with Parent Essential Oils PEO SOLUTION . P. 186 - 188 .
6. Dutt , D . , M.Sc. Biotech , Health Benefits of Topical CBD Oil (Read before Applying) , cbdnhemp/.../health-benefits-topical-cbd-oil
7. Science Direct , Aquaculture Vol. 25 , Issues 2-3 , August 1981, pages 161-172 , Title: Linseed Oil and animal fat as alternative lipid sources in dry diets for chinook salmon (oncorhynchus tshawytscha).
8. Https://hindawl.com/journals/bmri/2013/284329/tab5 Research Article: Quantitative Determination of fatty acids in Marine Fish and Shellfish from Warm Water of Straits of Malacca for Nutraceutical Purposes. Table 5 on page 2 and 3.
9. Gruger Jr., Edward H., Fatty Acids Composition of Fish Oils ...free online: spo.nmfs.noaa.gov/sites/default/files/legacy-pdfs/CIRC276.pdf United States Department of The Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service, Bureau of Commercial Fisheries.
10. Ivanova , S ., Marinova , G ., Batchvarov , V., 2016 . Page 850. Comparison of Fatty Acid Composition of Various Types of Edible Oils. Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science, 22 (No. 5), 2016, 849-856 Agricultural Academy.
11. Novella , Steven , . (2018, August 8) . No Benefit from fish oil . Science-Based Medicine - Exploring issues and controversies in science and medicine. Pages 1, 2, 3 .
Steven Novella is a clinical neurologist and assistant professor at the Yale University School of Medicine.
12. Lim , AKH . , Manley , KJ . , Roberts , MA . , Fraenkel , MB . , (2016, August 18). Fish oil for kidney transplant recipients . Page 1 . https://www.cochrane.org/CD005282/RENAL_fish-oil- kidney-transplant-recipients
13. TABLE 2: (11,049 Test Participants in China, Iceland & USA or 25812 total test participants) Stark , Ken D . , Van Elswyk , Mary E . , Higgins , M. Roberta . , Weatherford , Charli A . , Norman Salem Jr . (2016) . Global Survey of the omega-3 fatty acids, docosahexaenoic acid and eicosapentaenoic acid in the blood stream of healthy adults. Page 140 - 141.
14. TABLE 3: (287 test participants) Yu Hong Lin ., Norman Salem , Jr ., Ellen M. Well ., Weiyin Zhou ., James D. Loewke ., James A. Brown ., William EM Lands ., Lynn R. Goldman ., and Joseph R. Hibbein . (2012) . Automated high-throughput fatty acid analysis of umbilical cord serum and application to an epidemiological study. Page 21 - 22.
15. Fatty Acids Norms - Common Fatty Acids - Red Blood Cell Fatty Acids (% of total fatty acids) from Dried Blood Spot. From 75,335 fatty acids profiles measured by OmegaQuant Analytics from 2015 - 2019. Page 3 - 5. https://omegaquant.com/research/ 75,335 Test Participants.